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Stack Program in Object Functional Programming

Summary

I have always used stack program as the first simplest example to express something new but powerful as previously I had shown Stack in Android App and now Stack Program in Object Functional Programming language using Javascript

Here we will need a node js server to run this program which is saved as js extension

In the following program, we created a closure of the Stack function and passed/called the messages like push, pop & print.

The var variables within Stack function are local to stack function and hence we can say this is an idiom for achieving the encapsulation principal of a class.

Since obj is the object here, so what if we say obj.sp = 20;

Don’t worry, this will create a new variable inside obj table/object which will not affect the functionality of the closure that we are working onto i.e. Stack for now.

Screenshot

Stack Program in Object Function Programming

Code

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function Stack(){
var sp = 10;
var stk = new Array(10);
this.push = function(v){
if(sp == 0){
console.log("overflow");
}else{
sp = sp - 1;
stk[sp] = v;
}
}
this.pop = function(){
if(sp == 10){
console.log("underflow");
}else{
var temp = stk[sp];
sp = sp + 1;
return temp;
}
}
this.print = function(){
console.log("printing stack");
for(i = sp;i<10;i++){
console.log(stk[i]);
}
}
}

// above was creation of function name Stack
// Lets now create an object of the above function

var obj = new Stack();
/*
* obj here is object of Stack or you can also say its a new closure formed using Stack function
*/

obj.push(10);
obj.push(20);

obj.print();
console.log("Poped out: " + obj.pop());
obj.push(40);
obj.push(50);
obj.print();